No Golongan Nama dan Rumus Kimia
Sifat Fisik
Kekerasan Gores Kilap Warna Berat
Jenis
1 Native Elements Emas (Au) 2 ½ – 3 Kuning – emas Metalic Kuning Emas 19,3
Silver (Ag) 2 ½ – 3 Putih – Perak Metalic Putih Perak 10,5
Platinum (Pt) 4 – 4 ½ Putih – Silver abu-abu Metalic Putih – Silver abu-abu 21,4
Copper (Cu) 2 ½ -3 Merah Metalic Merah – merah bata 8,9
Bismuth (Bi) 2 – 2 ½ Putih Kepera – perakkan Metalic Putih keperak-perakkan 9,7 – 9,8
Arsenic (As) 3 ½ Abu– abu gelap Metalic Abu-abu gelap 5,7
Antimony (Sb) 3 – 3 ½ Abu– abu Brilliant metalic Abu-abu silver 6,6 – 6,7
Sulphur (S) 1 ½ – 2 ½ Putih Resinous – greassy Kuning-kuning kecoklatan 2,0 – 2,1
Mercury (Hg) Liquid None Brilliant metalic Putih keperak-perakkan 13,6 – 14,4
Nickel – iron (N,Fe) 4 – 5 Abu-abu Metalic Abu-abu gelap 7,3 – 8,2
Diamond (C) 10 Putih Adamantine – greasy Putih, abu-abu, biru, hijau, hitam, kuning, dll 3,52
Graphite (c) 1-2 Abu-abu tua /hitam Dull metalic Abu-abu tua – hitam 2,1 – 2,3
2 Sulphides Galena (PbS) 2 ½
Merah bata Bright metalic Merah bata 7,58
Cinnabar (HgS) 2 – 2 ½ Scarlet Submetalic Merah kecoklatan 8,0 – 8,2
Greenockite (CdS) 3 – 3 ½ Orange / kuning Resinous / adamantine Kuning, orange, coklat kemerahan 4,7 – 4,8
Acanthite (Ag2S) 2 – 2 ½ Hitam metalic Abu-abu – abuabu hitam 7,22
Cobaltite (CoAsS) 5 ½ Hitam metalic Abu-abu hitam kecoklatan – putih keperakkan 6,3
Sphalerite (2nS) 3 ½ – 4 Coklat
Adamantine
Hitam, coklat, merah, hijau 3,9 – 4,1
Stibnite (Sb2S3) 2 Abu-abu tua Metalic
Abu-abu tua
4,63 – 4,66
Bornite (Cu3FeS4) 3 Hitam keabu-abuan metalic Coklat tua keungu-unguan 5,0 – 5,1
Chalcopyrite (CuFeS2) 3 ½ – 4 Greenish black metalic Brassy yellow 4,3 – 4,4
Chalcosine (Cu2S) 2 ½ – 3 Abu-abu tua metalic Abu-abu tua 5,5 – 5,8
Covellite (CuS) 1 ½ – 2 Abu-abu tua submetalic Abu-abu hitam keunguan 4,6 – 4,8
Orpiment (As2S3) 1 ½ -2 Pale yellow Resinous Lemon yellow 3,4 – 3,5
Pyrite (FeS2) 6 – 6 ½ Greenish black Metalic Fools gold 5,6
Pyrihotite (FeS) 3 ½ – 4 ½ Dark grey – black
Metalic Bronze red, bronze yellow 4,53 – 4,77
Arsenopyrite (FeAsS) 5 ½ – 6 Black to grey Metalic Silvery – white brown 5,9 – 6,2
Marcasite (FeS2) 6 – 6 ½ Greenish black Greenish black Yellow brown 4,92
Millerite (NiS) 3 – 3 ½ Greenish black Greenish black Brass – yellow 5,3 – 5,6
Glavcodot (Co,Fe) AsS 5 Black Black Grey to white 5,9 – 6,1
Pentltandite (Fe,Ni)9S8 3 ½ – 4 Brown

Coklat Bronze – yellow 4,6 – 5,0
Tellurides Sylvanite (AuAgTe4) 1 ½ – 2 Silvery white Silvery white Grey yellow 8,1 – 8,2
Arsenides Arsenides (N,As) 5 – 5 ½ Brownish black Brownish black Copper red 7,7 – 7,8
Arsenides Smaltite (Co,Ni) As23 5 ½ – 6 Black Black Tin – whit 6,1 – 6,9
Chloanthite (Ni,Co)As23 5 ½ – 6 Black Black Tin – whit 6,1 -6,9
Skutterrudite 5 ½ – 6 Black black Tin – whit 6,1 – 6,9
Sulpho – salts Enargite (Cu3AsS4) 3 Dark grey metalic Dark grey 4,4 – 4,5
Jamesonile (Pb4FeSb6Si4) 2 ½
Dark grey metalic Dark gery 5,62
Stephanite (Ag5SbS4) 2 – 2 ½
Black metalic Black 6,25
Pyrargyrite (Ag3SbS3) 2 ½

Red to black adamantine Dark red 5,8 – 5,9
Polybosite (Ag)16 Sb2S11 2 -3 Black metalic Iron black 6,0 – 6,3
Bournonite (PbCuSbS3) 2 ½ – 3 Grey / black metalic Gray to black 5,7 – 5,9
Tetrehedrite (Cu12Sb4S13) 3 – 4 ½ Black / brown metalic Gray to black 4,6 – 5,1
Tennantile (Cu,Fe)12As4S13 3 – 4 ½ Black / brown metalic Dark grey 4,59 – 4,75
Boulangente (Pb5Sb4S11) 2 ½ – 3 Brownish metalic Grey 5,8 – 6,2
Proustile (Ag3AsS3) 2 – 2 ½ Scarlet color Adamantine
Scarlet 5,55 – 5,64
Halides Halite (NaCl) 2 putih Vitroous Putih, kuning, biru, merah, dll. 2,1 -2,1
Sylvite (KCl) 2 Putih Vitroous Kuning, ungu, merah, abu-abu. 1,99
Chlorargyrite (AgCl) 2 ½ Abu-abu Resinous Abu-abu hingga kuning. 5,55
Carnellite (KMgCl3.6H2O) 2 Putih Greasy Putih, merah 1,6
Cryolite (Na3AlF6) 2 ½ Putih Vitrous Putih, kuning, merah, coklat 2,97
Boleite Pb26Ag10Cu24Cl62(OH)48 . 3H2O 3 – 3 ½ Biru Vitroous Biru 5,0 -5,1
Atacamite (Cu2Cl (OH)3) 3 – 3 ½ Hijau apel Vitroous Hijau terang 3,76
Fluorite (CaF2) 4 Putih Vitroous Putih, kuning, pink, merah, biru 3,18
Diaboleite PbCuCl2 (OH)4 2 ½ Biru tua Vitroous Biru tua 5,42
Jarlite (NaSr3(F.OH)16 4 – 4 ½ Putih Vitroous Coklat, abu-abu 3,87
3 Oxides Spinel (MgAl2O4) 7 ½ – 8 Putih Vitroous Merah, hijau, biru, coklat 3,5 – 4,1
Zincite (ZnO) 4 – 4 ½ Orange – yellow Subada – mantine Hitam / merah tua- orange yellow 5,68
Franklinite (Zn.Mn+2, Fe+2) (Fe+3.Mn+3)2 O4 5 1/6 – 6 ½ Hitam Metalic Hitam kemerah –merahan 5,07 – 5,22
Cuprite (Cu2O) 3 ½ – 4 Merah kecoklatan Adamantine Merah 6,14
Chromite (FeCr2O4) 5 ½ Coklat tua Metalic Brownish black 4,5 – 4,8
Magnetite (Fe3O4) 5 ½ – 6 ½ Hitam Metalic Hitam 5,2
Ilmenita (FeTiO3) 5 – 6 Brownish red Metalic Black / brownish black 4,72
Chrysoberyl (BeAl2O4) 8 ½ Yellow Metalic Brownish, bright red, iron black 5,26
Cassiterite (SnO2) 6 – 7 Putih, abu-abu, brownish Adamantine Brown to black 7,0
Corundum (Al2O3) 9 Putih Vitrous Berbagai macam 4,0 – 4,1
Ruby (Al2O3) 9 Putih Vitrous merah 4,0 – 4,1
Pyrolusite (MnO2) 2- 6 ½ Bluish black Metalic Black dark grey 5,06
Perovskite (CaTiO3) 5 ½ Abu-abu Adamantine Kuning, coklat tua, dan hitam 4,01
Rulite (TiO2) 6 – 6 ½ Pale brown Sub metalic Reddish brown 4,23
Brookile (TiO2) 5 ½ – 6 Putih, abu-abu kuning Sub metalic Coklat, reddish brown 4,1 – 4,2
Anatase (TiO2) 5 ½ – 6 Colourless adamantine Dep brown 3,82 – 3,97
Uranite (UO2) 5 – 6 Black Greasy Brownish black 6,5 -10,0
Chacedony (SiO2) 7 Putih Vitrous Putih, kuning , coklat 2, 65
Columbite (Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2 O6 6 – 6 ½ Dark red Submetalic Grey black to brownish black 5,1 – 8,2
Samarskite (Y, Ce, U, Fe)3 5 – 6 Tidak terdeterminasi Resinous Black, brownish black 5,15 – 5,69
Hausminnite (MnO3) 5 ½ Black Submetalic Brownish black 4,84
Wad Ft Dark brown Earthy Dull black 2,8 – 4,4
Roman echite (Ba, H2O) 5 – 6 Black submetalic Black to dark grey 6,4
5 – 5 ½ Yeloowish – brown Vitrous Brown, reddish brown 4,3 – 5,7
2 ½ – 3 ½ Un determined Vitrous White, grey, greenish 2,4
Hydroxides Bruchite (Mg (OH2) 2 ½ White Vitrous Wihte, pale green, grey, brown 2,38 – 2,40
Goethite (FeO (OH) 5 – 5 ½ Orange Adamantine Blackish brown 3,3 – 4,3
Limonite (FeO (OH)n H2O 5 – 5 ½ Kuning – coklat Vitrous Yellow, brownish yellow 2,7 – 4,3
Manganite (MnO (OH)) 4 Coklat ke hitam submetalic Blackish brown 4,3
Bauxite (FeO (OH)) dan Al2O3 2H2O 1 – 3 White dull White to yellowsih 2,3 – 2,7
Diasphore (AlO (OH) 6 ½ – 7 White vitrous Colourless grey, yellow 3,3 – 3,5
Lepidocrocrite (FeO) OH 5 Orange Submetalic Reddish brown 3,9
Tungstite (WO3.H2O) 1 – 2 ½ Yellow Earthy Yellowsih green, yellow 5,5
Stibiconite Sb3+, Sb2+ O6 (OH) 4 – 5 ½ Kuning – puth Earthy White to pale yellowsih 3,3 – 3,5
4 Carbonates Aragonite (CaCO3) 3 ½ – 4 Putih vitrous Colourless, grey, yellowsih, green, blue 2,94 – 2.95
Calcite (CaCO3) 3 White to greyish vitrous Grey, red, brown, green, black 2,71
Barytocalcite (BaCa (CO3)3 4 Putih vitrous White, yellowish, grey, greenish 3,66 – 3,71
Rhodochrasite (MnCO3) 3 ½ – 4 Putih vitrous Pink to red, brown, yellow 3,7
Dolomite (CaMg) (CO3)2 3 ½ – 4 Putih vitrous Whitw, grey, pink, brown 2,85
Ankerite (Ca(Fe,Mg,Mn) (CO3)2 3 ½ – 4 Putih vitrous White, grey, yellowish, brown 2,97
Smitshosine (ZnCO3) 4 – 4 ½ Putih vitrous White, grey, yellow, brown 4,3 – 4,45
Siderite (FeCO3) 4 Putih vitrous Pale yellowish 3,96
Magnesite (MgCO3) 3 – 4 Putih vitrous White, grey, yellowish, brown 3,0 – 3,1
Strontiante (SrCO3) 3 ½ Putih vitrous Reddish, brownish 3,78
Witherite (BaCO3) 3 – 3 ½ Putih vitrous White, grey, yellow 4,29
Cerussite (PbCO3) 3 – 3 ½ Putih vitrous Grey, greenish, blue 6,55
Arthinite (Mg2CO3(OH)2 3H2O 2 ½ Putih vitrous Putih 2,0
Malachite Cu2CO3(OH)2 3 ½ – 4 Green vitrous Hijau 4,0
Azurite (Cu3)(O3)2(OH)2 3 ½ – 4 Paler blue vitrous Blue brownish 3,77 – 3,78
Trona Na3(CO3)(HCO3) 2H2O 2 ½ -3 White vitrous Greyish white, pale yellow 2,1
Nitrates Nitratine (NaNo3) 1- 1 ½ White Vitrous Yellow, grey, white 2,27
Burates Borax (Na2B4O5)H4 .8H2O 2 – 2 ½ White Vitrous White, grey, greenish 1,7
Colemanite (Ca2B6O11 . 5H2O) 4 ½ White Vitrous Yellow, grey 2,42
Ulexite NaCaB5O6 (OH)6 . 5H2O 2 ½ White Vitrous White 1,96
Kernite Na2B4 O6 (OH)2 . 3H2O 2 ½ -3 White Vitrous White 1,9
5 Sulphates Gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O) 2 White Vitrous Greenish, yellowish 2,32
Celestine (SrSO4) 3 – 3 ½ White Vitrous Yellowish, brown 3,96 – 3,98
Anhydrite (CaSO4) 3 – 3 ½ White Greasy Pink, grey, white 2,98
Barite (BaSO4) 3 – 3 ½ White Vitrous White, grey, yellowsih 4,5
Anglesile (PbSO4) 2 ½ – 3 Colourless Vitrous White, grey, pale blue 6,3 – 6,4
Chalcanthite (CuSO4.5H2O) 2 ½ Dark blue Vitrous Sky-blue, dark blue 2,28
Epsomite (MgSO4.7H2O) 2 – 2 ½ White Vitrous White, pink 1,68
Alunite (Kal3)SO4)2(OH)6 3 ½ – 4 White Vitrous White 2,6 – 2,9
Jarasite Kfe3+2 (SO4)2(OH)6 2 ½ – 3 ½ Pale yellow Vitrous Brown 2,90 – 3,26
Glauberite (Na2Ca(SO4)2 2 ½ – 3 White Vitrous Grey, yellowish 2,8
Copiaphile (Fe+2Fe4+3(SO4)6(OH)2.20H2O 2 ½ – 3 Yellow, green Pearly Orange – yellow 2,08 – 2,17
Cyanotrichite (Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12.2H2O 3 Pale blue Silky Dark blue 2,74 –2,95
Brochantite (Cu4SO4)OH6 3 ½ – 4 Pale green Vitrous Green 3,97
6 Fosfat Amblygonite (Li, Na) AlPO4 (F, O, H) 5 ½ -6 White Vitrous Greyish white, yellowsih 3,08
Lazulite (Mg, Fe) Al2 (PO4)2 (OH)2 5 ½ – 6 White Vitrous Blue brownish 3,1
Pyromoerphie (Pb5(PO4)3 C) 3 ½ – 4 White Adamantine Green, orange, yellow 6,5 – 7,1
Vivianile (Fe3(PO4)2.8H2O 1 ½ – 2 White Pearly Colourless 2,68
Torbenite (Cu)UO2)2(PO4)2.8-12H2O 2 – 2 ½ Pale green Pearly Green 3,22
Autunite Ca (UO2)2(PO4)2 10-12H2O 2 – 2 ½ Yellow green Pearly Yellow – green 3,05 – 3,2
Xenomite (YPO4) 4 – 5 Pale brown Vitrous Yellowish brown 4,4 – 5,1
Monazite (Ce, La, Nd, Th) PO4 5 – 5 ½ White Vitrous Brown, reddish, yellow 4,6 – 5,4
Turquoise (CuAl6)PO44 (OH)8. 4H2O 5 – 6 White Dull Greenish,bluish, brownish 2,6 – 2,8
Wavellile (Al3(PO4)2(OH, F)3 . 5H2O 3 ½ – 4 White Vitrous White, green, brown 2,36
Variscite (Al (PO4). 2H2O 3 ½ – 4 ½ Green Dull Green 2,6 – 2,9
Apatite (Ca5 (PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) 5 White Vitrous Reddish. Brownish, grey 3,1 – 3,2
Herderite (Ca Be PO4 (F, OH) 5 – 5 ½ White Vitrous Pale yellow 2,95 – 3,01
7 Silicates Olivine (Fe2SiO4 . Mg2SiO4) 6 ½ – 7 Colourless Vitrous Greenish yellow 3,27 – 4,32
Pyrope (Ca3AL2 (SiO4)3 7 – 7 ½ Red Vitrous Red black 3,5 – 3,8
Grossular garlet (Ca3AL2 (SiO4)3 6 ½ – 7 White Vitrous Reddish brown 3,4 – 3,6
Almardine garnet (Fe3AL2 (SiO4)3 7 – 7 ½ White Vitrous Reddish brown 4,1 – 4,3
Humite (Mg, Fe)7(SiO4)3 (F, OH)2 6 Brown Vitrous Dark orange 3,24
Chondrodile (Mg, Fe)5(SiO4)2 (F, OH)2 6 – 6 ½ Brown Vitrous Yellow, red, brown 3,16 – 3,26
Topaz (AL2SiO4 (F,OH)2 8 Colourless Vitrous Greey, yellow, orange, brownish 3,49 – 3,57
Willemile (ZNSiO4) 5 ½ Colourless Vitrous Reddish brown 3,89 – 4,19
Staurolite (Fe, Mg, Zn)2AL9(SiAl)4 O22 (OH)2 7 – 7 ½ Greyish Vitrous Dark brown 3,65 – 3,83
Chloritoid (Fe, Mg, Mn)2AL4SiO4 (OH)4 6 ½ Not determined Perly Dark grey brownish 3,6
Zircon (ZrSiO4) 7 ½ Red brown Vitrous Red, brown 4,6 – 4,7
Andalusite (Al2SiO3) 6 ½ – 7 ½ Colourless Vitrous Reddish, brownish 3,13 – 3,16
Sillmanile (Al2SiO5) 6 ½ – 7 ½ Colourless Vitrous Yellowish, brownish 3,23 – 3,27
Kyanile (Al2SiO5) 5 ½ – 7 Colourless Perly Blue, white, grey 3,53 – 3,67
Sphere (CaTiSiO5) 5 – 5 ½ white Adamantine Red, brownish 3,45 – 3,55
Dumorterile (Al2(BO3)(SiO4)3 O3 8 ½ white Vitrous White, brownish 3,41
Euclase (BeAlSiO4 (OH) 7 ½ white Vitrous Pale blue 3,05 – 3,10
Milarile K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 H2O 5 ½ – 6 white vitrous Yellowish green 2,46 – 2,61
Eudialyle (Na4(Ca,Ce)2(Fe+2Mn+2.Y)21 Si8O22 (OH,Cl)2 5 – 5 1/2 Colourness vitrous Brownish red 2,74 – 2,98
Datolite CaBSiO4(OH) 5 – 5 1/2 Colourless vitrous Pale yellow 2,8 – 3,0
Gadolinite Y2FeBe,SiO10 6 ½ – 7 Greenish grey vitrous Greenish brown black 4,0 – 4,65
Epidote Ca2(Al,Fe)3(SiO4)3(OH) 6 – 7 Greenish black vitrous Yellowish green 3,35 – 3,50
Zoisite Ca2Al3(SiO4)3(OH) 6 ½ – 7 Colourness vitrous Colourness 3,35
Clinozoisite Ca2Al3(SiO4)3(OH) 6 ½ Greyish vitrous Yellow pale green 3,21 – 3,38
Gehlenite Ca2Al7(Si,Al)O7 5 – 6 Undetermined vitrous Greyish green 3,04
Akermanite Ca2MgSi2O7 5 – 6 Brown vitrous Brown 2,94
Hemimhorphite Zn4Si2O7(OH)2.H2O 4 ½ – 5 Colourless vitrous Colourless 3,4 – 3,5
Vesuvianite Ca10Mg2Al4(SiO4)5 6 – 7 Colourless vitrous Colourless 3,33 – 3,45
Berul (Be3Al2Si6O8) 7 – 8 white vitrous Colourless 2,6 – 2,9
Tournmalne Na(Mg,Fe,Li,Mn,Al)3Al6(BO3)3Si6.O18(OH,F)4 7 – 7,5 Colourless vitrous Brown 3,0 – 3,2
Ilvate CaFe+22Fe+3(SiO4)2(OH) 5 – 6,5 Colourless Submetalic Brown 3,8 – 4,1
Dioptase CuSiO2(OH)2 5 Pale greenish blue vitrous Bluish green 3,28 – 3,35
Cordierite Mg2Al4S5O18 7 – 7 ½ Colourless vitrous Grey, brown 2,53 – 2,78
Axinite Ca2 (Fe+2,Mn+2)Al2 BSi4O15(OH) 6 – 7 Colourless Vitrous Reddish brown 3,2 – 3,4
Benitoite BaTiSiO3O9 6 – 6,5 Colourless Vitrous Blueis white 3,64 – 3,68
Enstatite Mg2Si2O6 5 – 6 Grey Vitrous Colourless 3,2 – 3,4
Hypersthene (Mg,Fe)2Si2O6 5 – 6 brownish Submetalic Brownish green 3,4 – 3,8
Diopside CaMgSi2O6 5 ½ – 6 ½ Grey Vitrous White, grey, greenish 3,22 – 3,38
Hadenbergit (CaFeSi2O6) 5 White or grey Dull Brownish green 3,50 – 3,56
Augite (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe,Al,Ti)(SiAl)2O6 5 ½ – 6 Grayish green Vitrous Brown 3,23 – 3,52
Aegirine (NaFeSi2O6) 6 Grey Vitrous Dark greenish brown 3,55 – 3,60
Spodumene LiAlSi2O6 6 ½ – 7 ½ White Vitrous Colourless 3,0 – 3,2
Jadeiit Na(Al,Fe)Si2O6 6 – 7 Colourless Vitrous Green brownish 3,24
Hornblende Ca2(Mg,Fe)+Al(Si2Al)O22(OH,F)2 5 – 6 White Vitrous Greenish, brown, black 3,28 – 3,41
Anthopylite (Mg,Fe)7Si8O22(OH)22 5 ½ – 6 Grey Vitrous White to grey 2,85 – 3,57
Grunerit (Mg,Fe)7Si8O22(OH)22 5 – 6 Grey Silky Grey, dark green 3,44 – 3,60
Glaucophane Na2(Mg,Fe)3Al2Si8O22(OH)2 6 Grayish blue Vitrous Bluish black 3,08 – 3,15
Rybickite Na3(Fe+2,Mg)4Fe3+Si8O22(OH)2 5 No streak Vitrous Dark brown 3,32 – 3,38
Actinolit Ca2(Mg,Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2 5 – 6 White Vitrous Blacklish green 3,0 – 3,44
Tremolit Ca2(Mg,Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2 5 – 6 White Vitrous Colourless 2,9 – 3,2
Arfvedsonite Na3(Fe,Mg)4FeSi8O22(OH)2 5 – 6 Bluish grey Vitrous Greenish black 3,37 – 3,5O
Richlerite Na2Ca(Mg,Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2 5 – 6 Pale yellow Vitrous Pale dark brownish 2,97 – 3,13
Rhodonite (Mn+2,Fe+2,Mg,Ca)SiO3 5 ½ – 6 ½ White Vitrous Brownish red 3,57 – 3,76
Pectolite NaCa2Si3O8(OH) 4 ½ – 5 White Silky Colourless 2,74 – 2,88
Wollastonite CaSiO3 4 ½ – 5 White Vitrous Colourless 2,87 – 3,09
Neptunite KNa2Li(Fe2+,Mn+2)2Ti2Si8O24 5 – 6 Reddish brown Vitrous Reddish brown 3,19 – 3,23
Antigonite (Mg,Fe)3Si2O5(OH)4 2 ½ – 3 ½ White Pearly Yellow, brown 2,61
Chrysotile Mg3Si2O5(OH)4 2 ½ White Silky White, grey 2,53
Talc Mg3Si4O10(OH)10 1 White Greasy Pale to dark green 2,58 – 2,83
Chrysocolla (Cu,Al)2H2Si2O3(OH)4.nH2O 2 -4 White Vitrous Green, blue 2,0 – 2,4
Phenakile Be2SIiO4 7 ½ -8 White Vitrous Colourless 2,93 – 3,0
Muscovite KAl2(Si3Al)O10 (OH,F)2 2 ½ – 4 Colourless Pearly White, yellow brownish 2,77 – 2,88
Lepidolit K(Li,Al)3(Si,Al)4O10(F,OH)2 2 ½ – 3 Colourless Vitrous Pink 2,8 – 3,3
Biotite K(Mg,Fe+2)3 (Al,Fe+3)Si3O10(OH,F)2 2 ½ -3 Colourless Vitrous Dark brown 2,7 – 3,4
Phlogopit (KMg3Si3AlO10(OH,F)2 2 – 2 ½ Colourless Pearly Colourless 2,76 – 2,90
Glauronit (K,Na)(Fe,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2 2 Bluish green Glistening Green 2,4 -2,95
Vermiculit (Mg,Fe,Al)3(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2.4H2O 1 ½ Pale yellow Vitrous Greenish 2,3
Clinochlore (Fe+2,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(Si3Al)O10(OH,O)8 2 – 2 1/2 Colourless Pearly Colourless 2,63 – 2,98
Chamosit (Mg,Fe)3Fe3(Al,Si3)O10(OH)8 3 Black Earthy Brownish 3 – 3,4
Kaolinit Al2Si2O5(OH)4 2 – 2 ½ White Earthy Colourless 2,6 – 2,63
Prehnit Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2 6 – 6 ½ Colourless Vitrous Colourless 2,90 – 2,95
Garnierite (Ni,Mg)6Si4O10(OH)8 2 – 4 Light green Earthy Green 2,3 – 2,5
Sepiolit Mg4Si6O15(OH)2.6H2O 2 – 2 ½ White Dull Brownish 2
Apophyllit KCa4Si8O20(F,OH).8H2O 4 ½ – 5 White Vitrous Colourless 2,3 – 2,65
Gyrolit Na(Ca)16(Si23Al)O60(OH5)15H2O 3 – 4 Colourless Vitrous Colourless 2,34 – 2,42
Pyrophyllit Al2Si4O10(OH)2 1- 2 White Pearly Brown 2,65 – 2,90
Astrophyllite (K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)7Ti2Si8O24(O,OH)7 3 Pale greenish brown Submetalic Yellow, gold 3,3 – 3,4
Annorthoclase (Na,K)Al(Si3O8) 6 – 6 ½ White Vitrous Yellowish 2,56 – 2.62
Microclime KAlSi3O8 6 – 6 ½ White Pearly Reddish green 2,55 – 2,63
Sanidine KAlSi3O8 6 White Vitrous Colourless 2,56 – 2.62
Albite NaAlSi3O8 6 – 6 ½ White Pearly Colourless 2,60 – 2,63
Labradorite (Na,Ca)Al1-2Si3-2O8 6 – 6 ½ White Vitrous Blue, grey 2,69 – 2,72
Anorthite CaAlSi2O8 6 – 6 ½ White Vitrous Grey, brown 2,74 – 2,76
Andesine (Na,Ca)Al1-2Si3-2O8 6 – 6 ½ White Vitrous Colourless 2,66 – 2,68
Oligoclase (Na,Ca)Al1-2Si3-2O8 6 – 6 ½ White Vitrous Yellowish, brown 2,63 – 2,67
Orthoclase KAlSi3(O8 ) 6 – 6 ½ White Vitrous White 2,55 – 2,63
Townite (Na,Ca)Al1-2Si3-2O8 6 – 6 ½ White Vitrous Colourless 2,72 – 2,74
Hauyne (Na,Ca)4.8 Al6 Si8(O,S)24(SO4Cl)1-2 5 ½ – 6 Bluish or white Greasy Green, yellow or white 2,44 – 2,5
Lazurit (Na,Ca)7-8(Al,Si)12O24[(SO4),Cl2(OH)2] 5 – 5 ½ Bright blue Dull Deep blue brownish 2,4 – 2,5
Sodalit Na8Al6Si6O24Cl2 5 ½ – 6 Colourless Vitrous Colourless 2,14 – 2,4
Leucite KAlSi2O6 5 ½ – 6 Colourless Vitrous Colourless 2,5
Nepheline (Na,K)AlSiO4 5 ½ – 6 White Vitrous Colourless 2,5 – 2,7
Nosean Na8Al6Si6O24(SO4) 5 ½ – 6 Colourless Vitrous Colourless 2,3 – 2,4
Cancrinite Na6Ca2Al6Si6O24(CO3)2 5 – 6 Colourless Vitrous Reddish brown 2,42 – 2,51
Scapolite (Na,Ca,K)4Al3(Al,Si)3Si6O24(Cl,F,OH,CO3,SO4) 5 ½ – 6 Colourless Vitrous Brownish 2,50 – 2,78
Petalite LiAlSi4O10 6 – 6 ½ White Vitrous Pinkish 2,3 – 2,5
Analcime NaAlSi2O6.H2O 5 – 5 1/2 White Vitrous Colourless 2,22 -2,29
Chabazite CaAl2Si4O12.6H2O 4 – 5 Colourless Vitrous Brownish, pinkish 2,05 – 2,16
Harmotome (Ba,K)1-2(Si,Al8O16.6H2O) 4 ½ White Vitrous Colourless 2,41 – 2,50
Heulandite (Na,Ca)2-3Al(Si)2Si1-3O36.12H2O 3 ½ – 4 Colourless Vitrous Colourless 2,1 – 2,2
Laumontite CaAl2Si4O12.4H2O 3 – 4 Colourless Vitrous Yellowish brown 2,2- 2,4
Natrolite Na2Al2Si3O10.2H2O 5 – 5 ½ White Silky Colourless 2,2 -2,26
Mesolite Na2Ca2Al6Si9O30.8H2O 5 White Vitrous Colourless 2,2 – 2,3
Phillipsite (K,Na,La)1-2(Si,Al)8O16.6H2O 4 – 4 ½ Yellowish Silky Yellowish 2,2
Scolecite CaAl2Si3O10.3H2O 5 Colourless Silky Colourless 2,7
Stilbile NaCa2Al5Si13O36.14H2O 3 ½ – 4 Colourless Vitrous Colourless 2,09 – 2,20
Thomsonile Na,Ca2Al5.Si5O20.6H2O 5 – 5 ½ Colourless Vitrous Colourless 2,25 – 2,42